Terrain Battle Machines
Iron Dome Short range Air Defence System has found unprecedented success during its service since 2011 and has been credited with more than 1500 operational intercepts; a success rate of some 90 percent when measured against the number of rockets designated by the system as imminent threats to people or property. But the main constituent of this combat proven system is formed by Tamir Missile-the main interceptor of Iron Dome System , which makes it quite deadly. It forms the Counter Rocket, Artillery Mortar (C-RAM) and short range air defence system. Tamir Missile uses several steering fins for high maneuverability and is equipped with electro-optic sensors . It is designed for high efficiency and low cost. It has a proximity fuel explosive warhead which is revoked by an active laser fuse which is then used to destroy its own targets. Each battery is capable of protecting an urban area of approximately 150 square kilometer.
Pic : Tamir Missile Firing off
At an exhibition in Israel in late 2010 , Rafael the manufacturer of Tamir Missiles displayed a ground attack version of Tamir Missile called the "Iron Flame" . This missile would eliminate the Tamir missile’s seeker and fuze, although it would retain the capability to receive guidance updates in flight, and could instead be equipped with several different types of warheads and seekers.
Giora Katz told about this in 2015. “This is a highly accurate missile with a relatively large warhead on the scale of about 20 kg,” Katz says. “Its range is longer than 40 kilometers and it has a super-accurate guidance head. The project is in its final stages.”
The Specifications of Tamir Missile are listed below :
WEIGHT – 90 kilograms
LENGHT – 3 metres
DIAMETER – 16 cm
Flight Ceiling –10,000 m
WARHEAD – 11 kg (proximity fuel explosive which is triggered by an active laser fuse which is later used to destroy its own targets)
SPEED –Mach 2.2
ACCURACY– 80 %-90 %
MISSILES PER LAUNCHER – 20 per battery
The Iron Flame missile would eliminate the Tamir missile’s seeker and fuze, although it would retain the capability to receive guidance updates in flight, and could instead be equipped with several different types of warheads and seekers.
IEach interception rocket costs around $95,000. Due to the cost, Israel usually uses it only against rockets destined for residential areas, rather than those headed for open ground. The cost of rebuilding infrastructure damaged by rockets can often exceed that of using the Iron Dome.
The interceptors are typically described as costing about $50,000 each, although costs ranging from $30,000 to $100,000 each have been cited. To get a higher probability of kill two interceptors, separated by a short-time delay, can be fired at the same target. It operates within the atmosphere to eliminate the targets.
It is guided by a EL/M-2084 Radar which detects the rocket's launch and tracks its trajectory. A Battle Management & Weapon Control (BMC) which calculates the impact point according to the reported data, and uses this information to determine whether the target constitutes a threat to a designated area. Only when that threat is determined, is an interceptor missile fired to destroy the incoming rocket before it reaches the predicted impact area. Tamir receives commands from the control centre until it is close enough to home in to its target using its own radar seeker. The missile maneuvers using its fins and body lift to destroy its target.
The ELM-2084 or EL/M-2084 designed and manufactured by IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries) ELTA is an advanced three-dimensional, S-Band radar, incorporating modular and scalable architecture. It is used with the SPYDER-MR, Iron Dome, Arrow 3 and David's Sling air defense systems. The WRL (Weapon Locating Radar) version of the ELM-2084 had been purchased by Canadian Army. The Republic of Singapore Air Force has also acquired the EL/M-2084 radar. The Army of the Czech Republic has ordered eight ELM 2084 MMR radars scheduled to be delivered in 2019-2021.
The MMR is designed to detect and track artillery shells, rockets and missiles, as well as aircraft, and to support defenses against all of these. It is also able to quickly both estimate launch points and predict impact points of artillery shells, rockets and missiles, information which is useful for both warning and missile defense, as well as for attacking launchers.